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MAT 2013: Critical reasoning tips

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Critical reasoning is a ‘Math’ oriented section even though numbers doesn’t exist in the problems.

Argument and conclusion

Critical reasoning is based on factual evidence and draws a conclusion that may or may not rely on certain unspoken assumptions. The conclusion is usually based on relationship between several “entities” discussed in the argument. Entities can be people, groups of people, money, businesses, or just about any noun.

3 things to identify in a critical reasoning problem:

-Identify an unspoken assumption made by the argument

-Identify additional evidence that would strengthen the conclusion of the argument

-Draw an inference or conclusion based on the given evidence

3 tips to solve critical problem:

Key words

Take a moment to identify the conclusion and the evidence (statements of fact) and assumptions (unstated ideas) used in an argument. Remember, conclusion usually includes words like “as a result,” or “therefore.

Terminology

You should know the terminologies used for the assumption which could be inference, evidence, conclusion, paradox, logical flaw, etc.  As you go through MAT practice tests, take note of such words in the argument.

Options

If a question asks you for a statement which best weakens an argument, then look for answer choices which help you to strengthen the argument.

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